Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the analysis and forecast of the impacts of an investment project on the environment in order to take measures to protect the environment when implementing that project. , Article 23 explains the terms, Chapter I General Regulations, Law on Environmental Protection No. 3/55/QH2014).
Making an EIA report is the basis for businesses to better know about the current state of their environmental quality, so that they can propose effective pollution reduction measures to achieve environmental standards. according to the law.
– Law on environmental protection No. 55/2014/QH13 promulgated on June 23, 06, took effect on January 2014, 01.
– Decree 18/2015/ND-CP issued on February 14, 02, the Government's Decree stipulating environmental protection planning, strategic environmental impact assessment report, impact assessment report, etc. environmental action EIA, environmental protection plan.
– Circular 27/2015/TT-BTNMT, issued on May 29, 05, of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, providing for strategic environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment and environmental protection plan.
3. Subjects must make environmental impact assessment reports
Subjects subject to EIA environmental impact assessment are specified in Appendix II of Decree No. 18/2015/ND-CP (regulations on environmental protection planning, strategic environmental assessment, impact assessment). environmental action and environmental protection plan).
Appendix II to this Decree includes a group of construction projects, a group of construction material production projects, a traffic project, a project on electronics, energy, radiation, a project related to related to irrigation, forest exploitation, cultivation, projects on mineral exploration, extraction and processing, projects on oil and gas, projects on waste treatment and recycling, projects on mechanics, metallurgy metalworking, woodworking projects, glass production, ceramics, ... and other projects.
Note: If an enterprise has been put into operation without making an EIA report, it should immediately prepare a detailed environmental protection project to avoid breaking the law.
4. Process of making EIA environmental impact assessment report
To prepare an EIA report, it is necessary to perform the following tasks:
- Surveying geographical, geological, meteorological and hydrological conditions;
– Investigate, survey and collect data on natural, environmental, socio-economic conditions;
– Survey, collect samples, measure and analyze air samples, water samples, soil samples in and around the project area;
– Identification of microclimate factors in the project area;
- Assess the current environmental status of the project implementation area;
– Identify sources of pollution of the project such as: exhaust gas, wastewater, solid waste, noise; identify types of waste generated during the construction and operation of the project by methods of statistics, analysis, collection and rapid assessment;
- Assess the level of impact and influence of the above pollution sources on natural resources, environment, society and people around the project implementation area;
– Develop measures to reduce environmental pollution for the project construction phase;
- Develop measures to reduce pollution, plan for environmental management during operation and prevent environmental incidents;
- Proposing a plan for treatment of wastewater, exhaust gas, a plan for collection and treatment of solid waste from project activities;
- Consult the People's Committee and Fatherland Front Committee of the ward where the project is implemented;
-Develop an environmental monitoring program;
- Set up a council to appraise and approve the EIA report.
5. Time for appraisal and approval of EIA report
– The EIA environmental impact assessment report is under the appraisal competence of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the maximum time limit for appraisal is forty-five (45) working days from the date of receipt of a complete and valid dossier. . In case the project is complicated in terms of environmental impact, the maximum appraisal time is sixty (60) working days.
– The EIA report is not under the appraisal competence of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the maximum time limit for appraisal is thirty (30) working days from the date of receipt of a complete and valid dossier. . For projects with complex environmental impacts, the appraisal period is forty-five (45) working days.
– The maximum time limit for EIA approval is fifteen (15) working days from the date of receipt of complete and valid dossiers.
After the registration procedure for the Investment Registration Certificate is completed, the foreign investor will continue to apply for a license to establish an enterprise based on current legal policies, the company will be established and operated. according to the regulations and laws of Vietnam
The pccc license is one of the mandatory conditions of the investor when carrying out administrative procedures related to the form of construction. The licensing authority belongs to the Fire Prevention and Fighting Police Department or the provincial and city police.
It is the basis for enterprises to understand the current state of environmental quality of the enterprise, thereby proposing effective pollution reduction measures to achieve the prescribed environmental standards. At the same time, the results of environmental quality monitoring will be the basis for the State management agency in charge of environmental protection to evaluate the environmental protection work of the Company.
The basic design needs to be appraised by a specialized construction agency. Examination and assessment of the expertise of enterprises that fully meet the conditions for construction operation capability and construction practice capacity for necessary contents in the process of preparing and implementing construction investment projects. basis for the assessment.
The investor must have a construction permit issued by a competent state agency in accordance with the law, for the purpose of ensuring the construction order in the urban area, ensuring the planned construction according to the standards. certain of the country and ensure urban management issues.