In the last 10 years, the total foreign direct investment capital in economic zones (EZs) and industrial zones (IZs) in Hai Phong has always reached a high level (about 2 billion USD/year on average). 6/2023 reached 24,85 billion USD, 4,3 times higher than the period from 1993 to 2013; domestic investment capital reached 309 trillion dong, 18,2 times higher than the period from 1993 to 2013.
Situation of attracting investment capital in industrial zones and economic zones in Hai Phong
Constantly exploiting synchronously and effectively the outstanding and unique advantages of the locality, and at the same time making efforts to fulfill the role and responsibility of a growth engine of the region, the main gate to the sea of the North, the Last year, Hai Phong always kept its position in the top group of the country in attracting foreign direct investment; the process of attracting investment has made a breakthrough in terms of capital quantity and project quality; Large corporations have chosen Hai Phong to locate their headquarters and strategically produce on a large scale.
According to the Hai Phong Economic Zone Authority, the city currently has 14 operating industrial zones with a total area of 6.144 hectares. Dinh Vu - Cat Hai economic zone with an area of 22.540 ha is identified as a marine economic center, multi-sector, multi-field of the North Coast region and the whole country, with preferential mechanisms and policies exceeding has become the destination of many domestic and foreign investors.
Up to now, Hai Phong has attracted more than 1.000 FDI projects with a total investment capital of 29,3 billion USD. In which, industrial zones and economic zones attracted 490 FDI projects with total investment capital of 24,85 billion USD (accounting for 84% of the city) and 213 FDI projects with investment capital of over 13 billion USD.
By June 6, in industrial zones and economic zones, attracted USD 2023 billion with 24,85 foreign direct investment projects. Attracting domestic investment reached 480 billion USD (nearly 13 trillion VND) with 309 projects. Especially in the last 212 years, the total foreign direct investment capital has always reached a high level (about 10 billion USD/year on average), by the end of June 2 it reached 6 billion USD, 2023 times higher than that of the previous year. for the period from 24,85 to 4,3; domestic investment capital reached 1993 trillion dong, 2013 times higher than the period from 309 to 18,2.
The structure of domestic - foreign investment capital in economic zones and industrial zones has shifted towards increasing the proportion of domestic investment capital, from 10% - 90% in 2013 to 28% - 72% in 2022. attracting investment in economic zones and industrial zones in the period 2014-2022 reached about 630 trillion, accounting for about 72% of the total social investment capital in the city, about 4,8 times higher than in the period 1993-2013.
The Hai Phong Economic Zone Authority said that the average amount of FDI capital for a new project in an industrial park or EZ reached $1 million per project, 28 times higher than the national average and 1 times higher than the national average. ,1,4 times compared to projects outside industrial zones and economic zones; thereby reflecting the investment scale, quality of FDI projects in industrial zones and economic zones is much higher than that of projects outside industrial zones and economic zones, and investors are strongly shifting from investment in breadth to depth, focusing on revenue. attract high-tech manufacturing sectors, projects that use less energy and are environmentally friendly. Korea has the largest investment with 6,3 billion USD, accounting for 8,7%; Japan 41 billion USD, accounting for 3,2%; Hong Kong 15 billion USD, accounting for 2,6%; Singapore 12 billion USD, accounting for 2,5%…
Large corporations and companies in the 500 largest enterprises in the world and Vietnam have invested in EZs and industrial zones and located their headquarters in Hai Phong, notably the Vinfast automobile factory complex project. with a total investment capital of 175.000 billion VND; LG Group (Korea) with 5 projects located in Trang Due Industrial Park, registered capital of 9,24 billion USD and car tire production project, registered capital of 1,224 billion USD of Bridgestone Group and many other notable projects.
Attracting investment by sector, as of June 6, the manufacturing sector (automobiles, machinery,...) reached 2023 billion USD, accounting for 12,5%; Electronics reached 34 billion USD, accounting for 10,8%; Logistics, construction, infrastructure business reached 30 billion USD, accounting for 5,2%; Textile, leather and footwear reached 14 billion USD, accounting for 1,8%; Mechanical engineering reached 5 billion USD, accounting for 1,4% of total investment capital.
According to the Management Board of Hai Phong Economic Zone in recent years, attracting investment in EZs and industrial zones are actively selected in the direction of efficiency and reasonable and modern sustainable development. Industries that use a lot of labor but have low added value such as footwear production and shipbuilding tend to decrease their proportion; industries that use a lot of resources and consume a lot of energy such as production of building materials (mainly cement production), metal production has rapidly decreased its proportion in the value of industrial production of the whole industry; Industries in the field of high technology and high-tech application, with high added value such as electronic goods production, household electrical appliances, machinery and equipment manufacturing, chemical production, rubber and plastic production (shipping paint, plastic pipes, pharmaceuticals and medical equipment, car tires...) has had a breakthrough development and accounted for a high proportion; The ratio of the value of high-tech products in the total value of industrial production and industrial GRDP has increased over the years.
This structure has reflected the shift of industry towards modernization, efficient use of natural resources, while ensuring the development of modern key industries with a high proportion and developing diverse industries with high proportions. advantages, towards green growth and sustainable development.
Policies and mechanisms to selectively attract investment in industrial zones and economic zones
With the goal in Resolution 45 of the Politburo determining to build Hai Phong city into a leading city in the country in the cause of industrialization and modernization; have modern, intelligent and sustainable industrial development; Hai Phong city is making great strides in efforts to implement the Resolution of the XNUMXth National Party Congress and the XNUMXth Party Congress of Hai Phong City.
Continue to actively promote and attract selective investment in the direction of developing the three economic pillars identified in the Resolution of the 2023th Party Congress of the city: high-tech industry, seaports - logistics, tourism - trade; focusing on attracting large and high-tech projects that play a leading role and make great contributions to the city, in which, attracting FDI in four major directions: quality, efficiency, sustainable development, has a commitment to technology transfer, along with the development of specialized industrial parks with linkages along the production chain and supply support chain. In 2, the city continues to set the task of attracting foreign investment to reach 2,5-XNUMX billion USD.
On April 7, 4, the Standing Board of the City Party Committee issued Resolution No. 2022 -NQ/TU on the main tasks and solutions to promote the management and development of industrial parks and industrial clusters in the locality. city table to 06, orientation to 2025. The content of the resolution has set out specific goals and solutions to develop industrial zones and clusters in the new period.
Hai Phong Economic Zone Management Board informed about the orientation of attracting investment by fields and partners, focusing on attracting projects according to the List of industrial projects encouraging investment, conditional investment and investment promotion. does not approve investment in the city in the period to 2025, orientation to 2030, issued together with Decision No. 1338/QD-UBND dated May 10, 5 of the City People's Committee.
Continuing to focus on expanding investment attraction from strategic markets in Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia, Hai Phong also focuses on more effective solutions to attract investment from other countries, especially the US and China. European countries to diversify FDI sources as well as promote technology transfer to link and cooperate with domestic enterprises.
Hai Phong always focuses and encourages investors to focus on developing the ecological industrial park model, developing sustainable and effective industrial zones. Encourage investors to increase the use of renewable energy sources, wind energy, rooftop solar power, use environmental protection production technologies;
Especially, focusing on prioritizing and strongly encouraging innovation activities, investing in building research departments and centers in Hai Phong city to develop new fields: digital economy, economy cycle, green growth, ecology.
Continue to improve synchronously the outstanding advantages in transport and urban infrastructure, focus on creating new advantages and form production and service ecosystems for key products; focus on providing good housing for workers and training and attracting high-quality workers.